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Monday, July 4, 2011

Tomas Mateo Claudio - Famous Rizaleño

Tomas Mateo Claudio, World War Veteran Hero of Angono
In 1916-17, the United States entered the First World War and joined the Allies against the Central Powers in Europe. The Philippine Assembly formed the Philippine National Guard and plans to send troops under the banner of the United States but the Philippine troops did not see action. Although, some Filipinos did fought in Europe, among them was Private Tomas Claudio.

Tomas Mateo Claudio was born on May 7, 1892 in San Mateo, Rizal by violinist Gregorio Claudio and Pelagia Mateo. As a young boy, he already showed bravery and an inclination for military service and adventure that would later lead him to his life’s destiny, thousands of miles away from his homeland. Although he was quite stubborn, his cheerful disposition endeared him to his friends and classmates at the Morong Elementary School.

His early studies was spent in a public school in his hometown, at the age of 17 he migrated in Hawaii to work in a sugar plantation. He studied at a university in Reno, Nevada, 1917, for a study of commerce.

In a military exercise in his school, Claudio showed signs of a great military officer as he was given the rank of battalion commander but in 1907, his father died. He eventually finished his elementary education but failed to finished high school at Pasig High School and later to Manila High School. He became a guard at the Bureau of Prisons but was dismissed from the job in 1911 because of dereliction of duty.

He left the country and went to Hawaii to work in the sugar plantations and later went to Alaska to work in the salmon canneries there. After those stints, he went to Reno, Nevada where he finished his studies at Clark Healds Business College in 1916 and later got a job as clerk at the Central Post Office in Spark, Nevada.

For three years, the fields of northern France and Belgium was wasted by a brutal and excruciating trench warfare. It was only on April 6, 1917, the United States entered the war against the Central Powers. It is interesting to note that the Philippines is also in a state of war too. In this case, the Philippine Assembly formed the Philippine National Guards as a contribution to the American Expeditionary Force contingent that will provide support to the war-weary Anglo-French forces.

Claudio, fired by the spirit of brotherhood, decided to apply in the U.S. Army. After being denied twice, he was finally enlisted on November 2 of the same year. A member of the 41st Division, he left for Europe on December 15. His final destination was France, where he served, initially, in the trenches of the Toul Sector and, later, with the reserve division near Paris. Subsequently, he was assigned to the Montdidier front.

As the war became a tooth and nail affair, the Germans decided to launch its largest military operation codenamed "Operation Michael" (after Germany's patron saint St. Michael the Archangel) on March 21, 1918 in an effort to neutralize the frontlines before substantial American reinforcements can make a difference in the war.

Under the leadership of General John "Blackjack" Pershing, the Americans held their ground from repeated German incursions. In the Battle of Chateau Thierry, Private Claudio took part in these crucial battles in the Marne Offensive.

Flak guns blackened the skies, artillery shells pounded "No Man's Land," barbed wires left mutilated hands and gunpowder and blood mixed together in a cesspool of filth and stench of death.

During the WWI he joined the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe. When the Germans attacked France, he was one of the casualties. His remains lies in North Cemetery. Remembering of his patriotism, the first public school in his hometown was name after him, the "Tomas Claudio Memorial Elementary School" In the ensuing chaos, Private Claudio was killed by enemy fire on June 29, 1918.

For his bravery, Private Claudio became the first Filipino to die in an overseas war and immortalized as the country's first war hero.
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AboutStephen De La Rosa

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